First condition: family or emotional ties
A living adult, voluntary and healthy can therefore donate a kidney to the conditions defined by law. To meet the expectations of patients and their families and encourage this type of transplant, the bioethics law of 7 July 2011 expanded the circle of living organ donors who may be the father or mother and, notwithstanding a son or daughter, brother or sister of the recipient, spouse, grandparents, uncles or aunts, cousins and cousins, spouse of the father and the mother. The donor may be anyone providing evidence of a life of at least two years with the recipient and anyone can prove a close and stable emotional bond for at least two years with the recipient.
Second condition: compatibility
Like any transplant requires that the donor and recipient are as consistent as possible: blood type, HLA systems near … That is why it is very close members of the family, genetically very similar, who are most likely to be compatible.
In case of conflict between the patient and the prospective donor, the revised law in July 2011 now allows for a crossover donation: the receiver (receiver 1) receives the gift of another person (donor 2) also situation incompatible with its receiver (receiver 2) that benefits him the first donor of the gift (donor 1). Both surgeries are then engaged simultaneously, while maintaining anonymity.
Third condition: the donor’s health
Medical conditions needed are very strict. The prospective donor is the subject of a full medical evaluation including clinical, radiological and biological. Especially confirm if he can undergo surgery safely and if he is not a carrier of certain communicable diseases.
Fourth condition: freedom of choice
To donate a kidney while alive, it is not enough to volunteer and meet the conditions described above. It must also follow a process in which the candidate donor receives an informed and transparent information helping to make its decision knowingly. He was received by a committee called “living donor committee” composed of five members appointed by ministerial decree: three doctors, a qualified person in social sciences and a psychologist. This committee is responsible for verifying that the donor understands the issues and potential risks of the operation, he suffered no psychological or financial peer pressure and that is freedom of choice .drop-off window
The prospective donor must give consent before the President of High Court or a judge designated by him. Until the operation, it can reverse its decision at any time.
The end of the procedure, is the living donor committee giving – or not – the authorization to proceed with the transplant.